One of the main contributions of this project are the peer-review papers to be published by the members of AMMA-2050. This space will list published outputs from the project.
C.M. Taylor, D. Belušić, FGuichard, D. J. Parker, T. Vischel, O. Bock, P.P. Harris, S. Janicot, C. Klein & Gérémy Panthou (2017) Frequency of extreme Sahelian storms tripled since 1982 in satellite observations Nature 544, 475–478 doi:10.1038/nature22069
B. Sultan and M. Gaetani (2016): Agriculture in West Africa in the Twenty-first Century: climate change and impacts scenarios, and potential for adaptation, Crop Science and Horticulture, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01262
This study reveals global warming is responsible for a tripling in the frequency of extreme West African Sahel storms observed in just the last 35 years. The study, which has analysed trends from 35 years of satellite observations across Africa, provides unique insight into how some of the most violent storms in the world are responding to rising global temperatures. The research indicates that MCS intensification is linked to increasingly hot conditions in the Sahara desert resulting from man-made greenhouse gas emissions.
This review paper provides a comprehensive overview of climate change impacts on agriculture in West Africa based on the recent scientific literature.
K. Guan, B. Sultan, M. Biasutti, C. Baron, D.B. Lobell (2016): Assessing climate adaptation options and uncertainties for cereal systems in West Africa, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.07.021
In the coming decades, the fragile agricultural system in West Africa will face further challenges in meeting food security, both from increasing population and climate change. Optimal prioritization of adaptation investments requires the assessment of possible adaptation options and their uncertainties. We adopt a new assessment framework to account for the impacts of proposed adaptation options in the historical climate and their ability to reduce the impacts of future climate change.
A. J. Challinor, A.-K. Koehler, J. Ramirez-Villegas, S. Whitfield and B. Das (2016): Current warming will reduce yields unless maize breeding and seed systems adapt immediately, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate3061
Crop yields will fall within the next decade due to climate change unless immediate action is taken to speed up the introduction of new and improved varieties, experts have warned. The research, led by the University of Leeds and published in the journal Nature Climate Change, focusses on maize in Africa but the underlying processes affect crops across the tropics.The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) funded the study. This research was partly funded by the NERC/DFID Future Climate For Africa programme.